Flares Into Darkness
Carl Hagenbeck was a nineteenth century German who collected wild animals and exhibited them in zoss and circuses. He is the zoo designed who , fairly than utilizing cages, first constructed enclosures to indicate the animals in a more pure setting.
Together with exhibiting animals he additionally displayed people from far off lands in what have been supposedly life like depictions of their exotic homelands. From the article Human zoos: When individuals were the exhibits:
The first big ethnological exposition was organized in 1874 by a wild animal merchant from Hamburg, Carl Hagenbeck. “He had the thought to open zoos that weren’t only full of animals, but also people. People had been excited to find people from abroad: Before television and shade pictures have been accessible, it was their solely method to see them,” explains Anne Dreesbach, who printed a book on the historical past of human zoos in Germany a couple of 12 months in the past.
The idea already existed in the early fashionable age, when European explorers brought again people from the new areas that they had traveled to. Carl Hagenbeck took this one step further, staging the exhibitions to make them extra attractive: Laplanders would appear accompanied by reindeer, Egyptians would journey camels in front of cardboard pyramids, Fuegians can be dwelling in huts and had bones as accessories in their hair. “Carl Hagenbeck offered visitors an illusion of world journey together with his human zoos,” says historian Hilke Thode-Arora from Munich’s ethnological museum.
Aside from the general public’s comprehensible fascination with international lands in an period before cameras and airplanes, the concept of human zoos was also steeped within the casual racism of the day — with the idea that different ethnic folks occupied rungs lower than Caucasians on the evolutionary ladder.